After the 9/11 attacks the United States was in, what many would describe as, a state of panic. Still reeling from the assault, America was attacked a second time days later through her post-system: anthrax. What happened next was a chaotic and desperate attempt to find the culprit. Instead, the FBI found Dr. Steven J. Hatfill. David Freed of The Atlantic has written a compelling article on Dr. Hatfill’s fight to clear his name. As Freed states, Dr. Hatfill’s story “provides a cautionary tale about how federal authorities, fueled by the general panic over terrorism, embraced conjecture and coincidence as evidence, and blindly pursued one suspect while the real anthrax killer roamed free for more than six years.” The full article can be found here.
The Obama administration appears to be heavily weighing a decision to try Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, the self-proclaimed mastermind of the September 11 attacks, in a military court.
The move would be a major reversal in the terrorism case. Attorney General Eric Holder announced weeks ago that Mohammed and four other detainees would be tried in a civilian court in New York. There was increasing opposition and controversy due to the cost of the trial and those who think it belongs in a military venue.
Several weeks ago, New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg said he no longer supported having the trials in the city, citing their cost and their potential to be disruptive. Bloomberg was under pressure from business leaders who said the security necessary for the trial would essentially shut down lower Manhattan.
It is probable that civilian lawyers will still play a role in the trial. The big change is that instead of having the five men face charges in a federal courtroom, they will be tried in a military setting with military judges deciding their fate. The men would be transferred from the prison in Guantanamo Bay to the place where the military commissions would be located, which has not yet been revealed.
Holder intended to put the five men on trial in a Manhattan courthouse just blocks from where the World Trade Center towers were. Guantanamo detainees have been previously tried in special military tribunals, which have different rules of evidence and procedures than the U.S. civilian court system. Critics say military tribunals are unfair to the defendants.
The 9/11 attacks fall into a gray area of policy and law. Holder said the attacks are both an act of war and a violation of federal law.
Sen. Lindsey Graham, a South Carolina Republican who has been an outspoken opponent of the decision to hold the trial in a civil court, has been in talks with White House Chief of Staff Rahm Emanuel. The talks are involve a potential agreement that would have Guantanamo detainees, not just these five, put into a military court system.
Questions yet to be answered include how the men will be tried, how the military commissions would work and where they will located.
See Washington Post.
On November 13, 2009, Eric Holder’s Justice Department announced that the United States would try 9/11 mastermind Khalid Shaikh Mohammed in federal court at a location in Lower Manhattan, literally blocks from where the twin towers once stood. The Justice Department’s pronouncement immediately incited negative reactions from many conservatives, and generally positive reactions from most progressives. Former New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani, for example, stated that trying terror suspects in New York federal court rather than by military commission in Guantanamo Bay was “absolutely the wrong decision.” On the other hand, Vermont Senator Patrick Leahy, chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee, stated that he has “…full confidence in the capacity of New York” to try suspected terrorists in civilian court. After all, since the September 11th attacks nearly 200 instances of terrorism have been prosecuted in civilian courts, three terror-related trials are presently taking place in or around New York City, and all of these cases have a 91% conviction rate. Perhaps the solution to the apparent ideological impasse is to try suspected terrorists such as Khalid Shaikh Mohammed neither in Guantanamo nor in New York City – but on Governors Island.
Governors Island is a 172-acre island located approximately one half mile from Lower Manhattan in the East River and is only accessible by water or by air. The island was sold by the federal government to New York in 2003 and has been used variously as a military installation, prison, and stockade for over 200 years. Because it is isolated geographically and rich in military history, some have advocated that Governors Island is the ideal location to conduct high-profile terror trials. The Executive Committee of Community Board 1, whose jurisdiction includes not only Governors Island but also the previous location of the World Trade Center twin towers, recently passed a unanimous resolution urging the Justice Department to consider the possibility of relocating the trials to the island. Julie Menin, the chairwoman of Community Board 1, has pointed out that holding the trials in Lower Manhattan as opposed to Governors Island would require approximately $200 million per year for security alone, and would disrupt countless lives of those living or working in or around the area. “The advantage of Governor’s [sic] Island is jurisdictionally, it falls in the Southern District of New York,” Menin also stated. Governors Island also retains a symbolic advantage over other locations that have been proposed such as Guantanamo since it is located in New York where the 9/11 attacks occurred and lies in the shadow of the Statue of Liberty.
Although Governors Island has been portrayed by some as the ideal location for high-profile terror trials, a number of legitimate reservations and outright objections have been raised. New York City Police Commissioner Raymond Kelly was recently assigned the task of studying the feasibility of staging such trials on Governors Island and concluded that a change in venue could cause serious problems. No prison facility currently exists on the island, the facilities that do exist on the island have been poorly maintained and would require serious maintenance work, and a high school is scheduled to open on the island later in 2010. The financial and other resources required to restore the island’s infrastructure to trial-level capacity would require at least two years of work. The initial review by the New York Police Department also indicated that risks existed involving the transportation of prisoners to and from the island. Because of these and other reasons, New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg has stated that the proposal to move the trials the Governors Island is “one of the dumber ideas” he has ever heard. In addition, Bloomberg and Kelly have stated that Lower Manhattan would be prepared to handle the high-profile trials that will likely take several years and millions of dollars to complete.
Recent events and statements indicate that the terror-trials of Khalid Sheikh Mohammed and others will likely proceed in Lower Manhattan. Although this result seems more than certain at this point, it is notable that Governors Island has received significant attention from the public, government officials, and to a lesser degree, the media. Governors Island could perhaps represent a tangible compromise between those that would like to see the trials take place in New York, symbolically near ground zero, and those who would enjoy keeping suspected terrorist on an island off the coast of a major U.S. state (also a largely symbolic position). What’s clear to both sides of the ideological divide is that the imminent terror trials must be symbolic – the United States must be able to deliver the hammer of justice to the perpetrators of terror while also maintaining the basic standards of integrity, fairness, and equality that have suffered since at least the beginning of the previous administration. Governors Island can certainly represent the opportunities of compromise and transformation, but only the will of Eric Holder and the direction of Justice Department can change this.
Opposition is growing toward plans to hold the civilian trial of alleged 9/11 mastermind, Khalid Sheik Mohammed in Lower Manhattan.
“My hope is that the attorney general and the president decide to change their mind,” New York Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg said earlier this week. He had previously expressed support for the having trial in New York when it was announced by Attorney General Eric Holder last November.
The many politicians opposed to holding the trial in Manhattan include N.Y. Governor David Paterson and N.Y. Senator Kristen Gillibrand. Like Bloomberg, senior N.Y. Senator Chuck Schumer changed his mind about the venue. On Thursday, he said that he was encouraging the Obama administration “to find suitable alternatives.”
The alternatives have included other boroughs or the counties north of the city. The suggestions come in the wake of the discussions of high security costs. New York City officials have estimated that it would cost $200 million dollars annually in security, and that the trial could last for years.
Two Obama Administration officials have said that the Justice Department is considering moving the location of the trial and creating plans for possible alternate locations.
See NYTimes for more.
Khalid Shaikh Mohammed, one of the masterminds of the 9/11 attacks on New York City and the Pentagon, was scheduled to have his trial held in New York, but President Obama and Attorney General Eric Holder are considering moving the trial to a different venue. New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg wanted to move the trial from Manhattan for security issues. Although there are safety concerns, the Administration is still dedicated to seeing Mohammed tried in a U.S. court. On of the suggestions made by Mayor Bloomberg is to move the trial to a military facility. Senate members, as well as others in the Manhattan community, are raising concern of holding the trial in the Southern District of New York and are lobbying the White House to make a change.